Mediobanca was established in 1946 to support the post-war reconstruction in Italy. Always ready to respond to the country’s needs, we founded Italy’s first consumer lender, its first auditing firm, and its first exclusively online bank.
Mediobanca was founded to support the reconstruction, development and international expansion of Italy’s industry in the wake of World War II. The driving forces behind the bank’s establishment were Raffaele Mattioli (then Chairman of Banca Commerciale Italiana – BCI) and Enrico Cuccia. Its three founding banks were Banca Commerciale Italiana, Credito Italiano and Banco di Roma – all subsidiaries of IRI, Italy’s former public holding company.
Compass Banca was founded, a pioneer in the Italian consumer credit market. The bank introduced personal lending to Italy and today still offers household financing to help families and individuals achieve their goals and buy assets. Compass became the market leader after acquiring Linea in 2008.
Mediobanca was listed on the stock market. The following year it successfully issued 10,000 shares priced at 12,800 lira each.
Reconta was formed, the first Italian auditing firm (sold in 1981).
Mediobanca led the overhaul of Olivetti, redefining the strategy and financial structure of an industrial group that was part of Italian history.
Selma was formed, one of the pioneers of leasing in Italy.
The group was privatised. As part of the privatisation, Mediobanca’s three founding banks (Banca Commerciale Italiana, Credito Italiano and Banco di Roma) reduced their collective stake to 25% and a further 25% was reserved to private investors. The banks and companies signed a block shareholders’ agreement to ensure stability and a clear strategic direction.
Mediobanca became one of the key players in the privatisation of Italy’s public companies, including Telecom Italia, Enel, Banca di Roma, and Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL).
The bank’s founder Enrico Cuccia died in June. He had led the bank since inception. He was succeeded by Vincenzo Maranghi
Banca Esperia, a private bank, was launched through a joint venture with Mediolanum.
Alberto Nagel and Renato Pagliaro succeeded Vincenzo Maranghi as joint Heads of the Group, launching a business plan that marks a significant change in its model. The business plan introduced a focus on the development of consumer and retail banking, strengthening market operations (placements, M&A, trading in financial instruments), entering the asset management business and reducing historic shareholdings. The plan also called for the group to expand internationally.
The group’s foreign expansion began. The first office to open is in Paris in 2004, followed by Moscow, Luxembourg, Frankfurt, Madrid, New York and London. Since 2013, Mediobanca also has a presence in Turkey with Mediobanca Advisory.
CheBanca! was formed, the first native online bank operating on a multichannel distribution model (web, call centre and branches) for retail customers. In its first year CheBanca! received deposits of €5.3 billion and 170 thousand accounts were opened.
The strategic plan 2014-2016 was presented in June, under which the bank would exit all existing shareholders’ agreements and sell non-strategic investments in various listed and unlisted companies. The plan also called for further international expansion, the strengthening of the corporate and investment banking division, and for retail banking to make a greater contribution to the group’s income.
Mediobanca acquired control of London-based Cairn Capital with the aim of building an asset management platform. The deal marked a further step in the international development of Mediobanca.
Mediobanca acquired Barclays’ retail banking business in Italy through the subsidiary Che Banca!. The deal saw CheBanca! double in size, adding scale and strength to the asset management business.
The new strategic plan was presented in November, which foresees speeding up the Group’s strategic repositioning in order to fully capture its value creation potential. Mediobanca has been reorganized into three main divisions: Corporate and Investment Banking, Consumer Banking, and the new Wealth Management division, development of which is now a priority. Acquisition of full control of Banca Esperia was announced in conjunction with the plan’s unveiling.